Students often see research as a linear process that they can proceed through to create a successful paper or project, but as you know, research is more circular than that.
We often explain to our students that the three beginning steps of the research process are:
Even after students have done a bit of background searching, landed on a topic, and brainstormed keywords, explain that:
That's okay! Research is an iterative process and it will look different for every person and project. Circling back and trying something new is a good way to get better results - use examples of this from your own research in your explanation.
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