Author/Rightsholder. (Year). Title of data set (Version number) [Description of form]. Location: Name of producer.
Author/Rightsholder. (Year). Title of data set (Version number) [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://
Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/
Data Set from a download site
Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Available from Pew Hispanic Center Website: http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/
Note: Available from, rather than Retrieved from, indicates the URL takes you to a download site, rather than directly to the data file.
Unpublished Raw Data from study, untitled work
Author, F. N. (Year). [Description of study topic]. Unpublished raw data.
Smith, J.A. (2006). [Personnel survey]. Unpublished raw data.
Graphic Representation of Data
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/gisbrfss/default.aspx
Machine-Readable Data Files
CBS News. 2009. CBS News Poll: Energy USCBS2009-02A Version 2 [MRDF]. New York: CBS News [producer]. Storrs, CT: The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut [distributor].
ICPSR Data Archive
Duncan, Otis D., and Howard Schuman. Detroit Area Study, 1971: Social Problems and Social Change in Detroit [Computer file]. ICPSR07325-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. doi:10.3886/ICPSR07325
Read the FAQ page, Why and How Should I Cite Data?, for additional information on citing ICPSR datasets.
Manuscripts and dissertations based on ICPSR data should be submitted for inclusion in the ICPSR Bibliography of Data-Related Literature.
Roper Center for Public Opinion Research Data Archive
Cable News Network & USA Today. Gallup/CNN/USA Today Poll: Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina [computer file]. 1st Roper Center for Public Opinion Research version. Lincoln, NE: Gallup Organization [producer], 2006. Storrs, CT: The Roper Center, University of Connecticut [distributor], 2006.
Read the How to Cite Roper Center data page for additional information.
Papers published based on Roper Center data may be submitted to the Bibliography of publications using data from the Roper Center.
King, Gary; Zeng, Langche, 2007, "Replication data for: When Can History be Our Guide? The Pitfalls of Counterfactual Inference", https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/EK886K, Harvard Dataverse, V4, UNF:3:DaYlT6QSX9r0D50ye+tXpA== [fileUNF]
Read the Data Citation page at Dataverse for additional information.
This quick guide to data citation was developed by the International Association for Social Science Information Services & Technology.
See the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles for more info about the guiding principles of data citation.
This guide from Michigan State University is a great in-depth resource with style recommendations and specific examples.
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