Paraphrasing is putting information from a source into your own words.
Let’s say you need to paraphrase information from these sentences on page 42 of Nature Watch Big Bend: A Seasonal Guide by Lynne and Jim Weber:
Here is an example of paraphrasing that is NOT EFFECTIVE:
This example in ineffective paraphrasing because it repeats exact wording from the source. It doesn’t matter that the phrases copied are from different sentences.
To paraphrase effectively, you need to get some distance from the phrasing of the original. You might want to read a passage, close the book (or window), and wait 5 minutes before trying to paraphrase. This may keep you from repeating language word for word.
Here is another example of paraphrasing that is NOT EFFECTIVE:
This example avoids copying word for word, but it is ineffective paraphrasing because the writer has not shown us where the information is from.
EFFECTIVE PARAPHRASING in APA STYLE (note that the page number is optional, but helpful):
Note that the Works Cited list at the end of the paper includes a full citation:
Weber, Lynne and Weber, Jim. (2017). Nature Watch Big Bend: A Seasonal Guide. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M UP.
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