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Special Education Research

Citing & Citation Management

Citations & Style

As of October 2019, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association has been updated to its 7th edition. This edition includes some notable changes from the 6th edition, and these resources can help you getting started with APA 7...

Citation Help

Writing Style Help

A citation manager can help you organize your sources and easily add them to your literature review.

More information about citation managers

Example Citations for APA 7

In-text Citations

APA 7th edition requires in-text citations that include the author's last name and publication year in parenthesis. If the you are directly quoting a work, you should also include the page number. See examples below.

  • 1 author: (Willingham, 2018)
  • 2 authors: (Pachankis & Goldfried, 2013)
  • 3 or more authors: (Hopkinson et al., 2016)*
  • Direct quote: (Hopkinson et al., 2016, p. 1657)


For the APA style bibliography, citations should be placed in alphabetical order by the last name of the first author. If you are citing an article without a specified author, use the Article Title. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word, proper names, and acronyms in the article title. Use only initials for authors' first and middle names. Write out all author names up to 20 authors.* For more than 20 authors, use ellipses.


1st author last name, first initial, 2nd author last name,
          first initial. (year). Article title. Journal title, volume
          (issue), page #s. DOI


Miller, A., Hess, J., Bybee, D., & Goodkind, J. (2018).
          Understanding the mental health consequences of
          family separation for refugees: Implications for policy
          and practice. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry,
          88(1),26-37. doi:10.1037/ort0000272

Note: * indicates 7th edition updates


Below you'll find tutorials for...

  1. Creating references and works cited lists
  2. Formatting in-text citations
  3. Formatting papers in APA style

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