Skip to main content
University of Texas University of Texas Libraries

UGS 302 - Music and Psychology - Domjan

Source Types - Primary, Secondary, Tertiary

How research is communicated in the sciences...

Primary research: Peer-reviewed articles written by authors (scientists or researchers) who actually performed an original experiment or are reporting their field observations, i.e., of organisms or medical patients. 

Secondary research: Peer-reviewed articles written by authors (also scientists and researchers) who summarize or discuss trends in the primary literature. In the sciences, these are called "review" articles.
 
Tertiary research: Non­‐peer-reviewed articles, books, newspaper articles, encyclopedia entries, etc. These are often written by journalists who summarize the highly technical scientific literature for a general audience. They will reference or link to the primary research. 

drawing by Elise Nacca, 2016

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic License.