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AMS 370: Women Radicals and Reformers



This guide is intended to help students in AMS 370: Women Radicals and Reformers navigate the many resources available for their class assignments.

Using the tabs to the left, you'll find links and explanations on four different types of research resources:

  • Physical Archives: Institutions on UT Campus, such as libraries, archives, and museums, that hold collections of papers, documents, books, and other primary source material. Links to collections on women radicals and reformers.
  • Digital Archives: Many institutions have invested in digitizing their collections. Find links to online collections of archival materials from collections on women radicals and reformers.
  • Historical Newspapers: Digitized collections of backfiles and out-of-print newspapers, including papers for niche audiences, such as underground, radical, and feminist communities.
  • Secondary Sources (includes scholarly journal articles): Databases with articles from journals, newspapers, magazines, and other research publications. Includes general databases like Academic Search Complete and JSTOR and discipline-specific ones like Historical Abstracts and LGBT Life.

What is a Primary Source?

Primary sources are produced by participants or direct observers of an issue, event or time period.  These sources may be recorded during the event or later on by a participant reflecting upon the event. In some cases, it will be difficult to obtain the original source, so you may have to rely on copies (photocopies, microfilm, digital copies).

Some examples of primary sources include:

  • Newspapers
  • Speeches
  • Government Documents
  • Legal Documents
  • Public Opinion Polls
  • Personal Materials: letters, diaries, interviews, memoirs, autobiographies, and oral histories
  • Images

To analyze primary sources, ask yourself these questions:

  • Who is the creator and what was their relationship to the event or issue?
  • Why did the creator produce this source?
  • Was the source for personal use? For a large audience?
  • Was the source intended to be public (newspaper) or private (correspondence)?
  • How neutral was the creator? What biases or interests might have influenced how the source was created?
  • Can the source be substantiated by other primary sources? Can you confirm what the creator is saying?

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