Journalism / Reporting: journalists report and investigate. They report on current events, what's happening in local, state and national government and developments in the sciences. So, this might look like a journalist reading a scientific study that is written for experts and condensing it for a general audience. Local journalism is essential for calling to attention how issues impact our community and citizens.
Magazines: Unlike news reporting, magazines typically have an audience in mind when they choose which stories to report and what perspective to take. Magazines often do a good job of elevating personal stories through interviews.
Data: Data can come from institutions like UT and from government entities at every level. Collecting, organizing and providing access to vast troves of data is expensive and difficult. Government plays an essential role here for researchers.
Scholarship: Typically, those who write in academic journals are...academics! But some disciplines may have experts working in government or in the private sector. Every discipline favors different research methods specific to their field. Academic articles go through the peer review process wherein a panel of an author's peers (folks studying the same questions the author is engaged with) evaluate the article for novelty, reliability, ethics and engagement with the existing scholarship in the field. The audience for these articles is the author's peers - experts in the same field.
Here is a graphic of how the work of a scientist is reported upon by a journalist and then consumed by the general public.
copyright Elise Nacca, 2017
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