cOAlition S is an international consortium of research organizations (primarily European based). They created Plan S which requires that scientific publications funded by public grants must be published open access.
An announcement and link to official memo about the Biden Administration's August 2022 open access policy guidance for federal granting agencies. All agencies need to implement public access policies, no later than December 31, 2025, to facilitate the immediate access to federally funded research outputs - specifically scholarly publications and digital data.
The Copyright Crash Course will help you learn about how ownership of copyrighted materials works, what is fair use, alternatives to fair use, and when and how to get permission to use someone else's materials.