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University of Texas University of Texas Libraries

LGBTQ+ Studies

Historical & Primary Sources

Key Collections

It is not always possible to visit archives in person. But many collections of primary sources are now digitized, and the UT Libraries pays for subscriptions to access these historical documents. Below are UT's top two collections of primary sources and historical documents related to LGBTQIA+ history. 

Not sure what a primary source is? 

You're not alone! It's a tricky concept. See the box below for guidance on primary sources, or take a look at this library guide

Other Collections

Newspapers and magazines listed here are historical collections. For current news sources, please see the Finding News and News Evaluation Guide.

Mainstream U.S. Newspapers

Underground & Community Newspapers


What is a Primary Source?

Primary sources are produced by participants or direct observers of an issue, event or time period.  These sources may be recorded during the event or later on by a participant reflecting upon the event. In some cases, it will be difficult to obtain the original source, so you may have to rely on copies (photocopies, microfilm, digital copies).

Some examples of primary sources include:

  • Newspapers
  • Speeches
  • Government Documents
  • Legal Documents
  • Public Opinion Polls
  • Personal Materials: letters, diaries, interviews, memoirs, autobiographies, and oral histories
  • Images

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