Finding a preparation method for a known compound is one of the most basic tasks an organic chemist must learn to do. Chemistry has a wealth of go-to places to start this search, some of which have been around for decades. Modern reaction searching systems allow great precision analysis, e.g. by yield, reagent, catalyst, etc. If you're concerned about reproducibility and procedural clarity (sometimes lacking in primary journal papers), Organic Syntheses is an excellent starting point.
Written language is inadequate for expressing the precise structure and composition of a molecule. Despite the best efforts of IUPAC and other groups to establish standard rules for naming compounds, the only unambiguous way to depict a substance is with a structural formula. Databases and reference sources such as CAS, Beilstein/Reaxys, CRC, etc. have used different nomenclature conventions over the decades, and the rules change over time. IUPAC-style names can now be easily generated by software tools such as ChemDraw and other structure editors. Human chemists often prefer acronyms, trivial names and trade names as shorthand in articles and communications.
Here's a selection of open-ended publications that contain authoritative reviews of interest to organic chemists.
Encyclopedic treatises offer a general, structured overview by expert authors. They are good starting points for learning about particular reactions and chemical mechanisms, and they contain numerous (older) literature references, but they are only snapshots in time and are quickly out of date.
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