Chemistry doesn't have a strong preprint tradition, but these archives provide platforms for the free deposit and dissemination of articles prior to publication.
How many times have you needed to "look up" a chemical? There are many, many tools out there where you can find a chemical name or structure. This is just a selection of some of the better-known ones. Most also contain various types of factual data about chemical substances - properties, safety hazards, etc.
Chemical Abstracts Service has registered millions of chemical substances since 1965. CAS Registry Numbers (RNs) are very useful when searching for information about a specific chemical structure, as well as polymers, mixtures, alloys, and substances whose exact formula is unknown or variable. CAS has also registered tens of millions of biosequences.
A Registry Number (RN) looks like this:
where the first segment can be from two to seven digits long, followed by two digits, then a single check-digit. It is a sequential accession number from the CAS Registry database. The RN carries no chemical or structural meaning in itself. It is simply an identifier for a specific substance that CAS has registered during the process of indexing the literature (or added from another source). The shorter the first segment, the older the registration and the more common (and probably better described) the compound is.
A Registry Number allows you to avoid using chemical names when searching for information about a compound. If you have a RN in hand, use it as a search term in SciFinder, in place of a chemical name. Most non-bibliographic chemical databases also allow searching by Registry Number.
Registry numbers are useful substitutes for names, but they are not perfect.
Many printed and online reference sources about chemicals use CAS Registry Numbers as a standard identifier.
See our guide to Spectra and Spectral Data.
Technical reports usually originate in federal government agencies, but may also come from academic institutions, state or foreign governments, and private firms and organizations. They contain results of research carried out in government labs or on government contracts or, in the case of private companies, for in-house, proprietary use. They are often cited in the literature and indexed in databases by complex report numbering systems, and they can be difficult to obtain. Consult a librarian when you need help.
See the page on Safety, Hazards, Environment for information about sources of MSDS.
For more information about bibliographies and reference managers, see:
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